Proposal for Structural Evaluation of Historical Churches at Lima, Peru

Proposal for Structural Evaluation of Historical Churches at Lima, Peru

C. Cuadra 

Akita Prefectural University, Japan

Page: 
320-328
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SAFE-V8-N2-320-328
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
1 February 2018
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

The historic centre of Lima city, the capital of Peru, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1988 by UNESCO. The high concentration of historic monuments constructed at the time of the Spanish pres- ence and at the beginning of the Republican era, contributes to originality and historic value of the site. Churches or convents are included in this area, and according to a list of Ministry of Culture of Peru there are 50 places considered religious monuments. As a contribution to improve urban security and safety against earthquakes, in this study, a procedure to investigate the seismic vulnerability of these churches is discussed. First, a general diagnosis of problems concerning the city and its buildings is proposed. Then a survey for preliminary evaluation of the structural condition of churches structures is planned. This evaluation of the seismic vulnerability of historic churches at the historic centre of Lima represents the basic study that is necessary to initiate detailed investigation for the preservation and conservation of these historic buildings. The study intends to establish a general guideline for vulner- ability evaluation of historic churches Lima Heritage Site and it could be applied to the evaluation of other historic cities of Peru.

Keywords: 

ambient vibration, architectural heritage, historic churches, Lima city, seismic vulnerability.

  References

[1] Cuadra, C., Saito, T. & Zavala, C., Diagnosis for seismic vulnerability evaluation of historical buildings in Lima, Peru. Journal of Disaster Research, 8(2), pp. 320–327, 2013. https://doi.org/10.20965/jdr.2013.p0320

[2] Quispe, S., Aguilar, Z., Lazares, F., Tavera, H., Yamanaka, H. & Yamazaki, F., Evaluation of local site effects in Lima city, Peru from ground motion data, International Symposium for CISMID 25th Anniversary: Technological advances and learned lesson from last great earthquakes and tsunamis in the world, National University of Engineering, Lima, Peru, 2012.

[3] Lourenço, P.B. & Roque, J.A., Simplified indexes for the seismic vulnerability of ancient masonry buildings. Construction and Building Materials, 20(4), pp. 200–208, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.08.027

[4] Cuadra, C., Karkee, M.B., Ogawa, J. & Rojas, J., An evaluation of earthquake risk to Inca’s historical constructions, Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August 1–6, 2004.

[5] Cuadra, C., Zavala, C., Abe, A., Saito, T. & Sugano, S., Vibration characteristics of traditional adobe-quincha buildings located at Lima historic center, 8th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, 2011.

[6] Miranda, O., Gallardo, J., Cuadra, C. & Ogawa, J., Reduction of seismic damage in Peruvian traditional constructions, 2nd International Conference on Computer Simulation in Risk Analysis and Hazard Mitigation, Risk Analysis II, Bologna, Italy, pp. 389–396, 2000.