An Emergency Response Decision Matrix Against Terrorist Attacks with Improvised Device in Chemical Clusters

An Emergency Response Decision Matrix Against Terrorist Attacks with Improvised Device in Chemical Clusters

Behnaz Hosseinnia Nima Khakzad Genserik Reniers

Safety and Security Science Group, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

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Chemical industrial areas may constitute potential targets for deliberate actions by terrorists. Terrorists having sufficient knowledge of chemical process operations or plant layout may take advantage of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) to cause major events such as fire, explosion and toxic gas dispersion with cross-border consequences in chemical clusters. Thus, an efficient cluster-wise emergency plan to enhance the promptness and efficacy of responding to such attacks is crucial. In this study, the effects of blast wave caused by IEDs are assessed and its potentiality in triggering domino scenarios are analysed. A decision tree is developed to determine the emergency level of each company within the cluster based on the attack outcomes. Furthermore, an alert notification system is set based on a decision matrix. Finally, the identified emergency levels and the alert levels are presented in form of a multi-plant decision matrix. The application of the developed methodology is demonstrated in a case study.


chemical industrial area, decision matrix, decision tree, emergency response, improvised explosive device, terrorist attack


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