Ports are opened infrastructures whose security is influenced by a plenty of parameters such as people/ vehicle flows. The movement of these flows must be accurately checked and controlled to ensure a correct management of security. In ports characterized by high flows, the security management must unavoidably use integrated access control systems that ensure a proper organization of the flows them-selves. The present paper illustrates the work made to design and realize the integrated access control system of the most important commercial and tourist ports of Italy. Since the core of the access control system is represented by a server farm that must operate with a high efficiency, to guarantee a fast response to the high flows of people and vehicles, the system is endowed with a loading balance mecha-nism of server farm itself, based on genetic controller, that ensures optimal operative velocities and performances, as demonstrated in the paper.
Access control system, genetic controller, integrated security system, security system
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 Web site of the Association of Italian ports: www.assoporti.it