Obtaining Fresh Water from Natural and Synthetic Fuels in the Energy Sector

Obtaining Fresh Water from Natural and Synthetic Fuels in the Energy Sector

Sergey E. Shcheklein Alexey M. Dubinin Naseer T. Alwan

Ural Federal University, Russia

Kirkuk Technical College, Northern Technical University, Iraq

| |
| | Citation



In this work, a comparative study of the specific air consumption and water vapor emissions in combustion products was performed based on the analysis of stoichiometric equations for air oxidation reactions both of energy fuels (petrol, diesel fuel, gaseous fuel, wood) and synthetic fuels converted from biomass and coal fuels (ethanol, methanol, etc.), as well as hydrogen fuel. For the limit process temperature, the excess air ratio for various types of fuels and the real volumes of air and fuel consumption and water vapor emissions were determined. Theoretically, abnormally high consumption of atmospheric air when using hydrogen and gas fuel was shown. The feasibility of the beneficial use of the products of oxidation of organic fuels and hydrogen to produce fresh water was substantiated. The analysis procedure presented in the study was revealed to be universal and can be applied to investigate any existing and newly created fuel compositions.


diesel, fresh water, fuels, gasoline, hydrogen, methanol


[1] The United Nations World Water Development Report 3, Water in a Changing World, 2009. https://sdgs.un.org/ru/node/16977. Accessed on 15.05.2021.

[2] Danilov-Danilyan, V.I., Freshwater deficiency and the world market. Water Resources, 32(5), pp. 572–579, 2005. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s11268-005-0073-5

[3] Al-Khalid, A., Al-Senafy, M. & Azrag, E., Estimation of leakage from the freshwa-  ter network in Kuwait. Water Resources Management VII, WIT Transactions on Ecol- ogy and the Environment, Vol. 171, pp. 129–138, 2013. https://doi.org/ 10.2495/ WRM130121

[4] Likhacheva, A.B., The problem of fresh water as a structural factor of the global econ- omy. HSE Economic Journal, 17(3). pp. 497–523, 2013.

[5] Liu, M. & Wu, D., A new freshwater generation system under high vacuum degrees intensified by LNG cryogenic energy. Energy Procedia, 158, pp. 726–732, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.01.194

[6] Yilmaz, N. & Atmanli, A., Sustainable alternative fuels in aviation. Energy, 140(2), pp. 1378–138, 2017. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.energy.2017.07.077

[7] Bicer, Y. & Dincer, I., Life cycle environmental impact assessments and comparisons of alternative fuels for clean vehicles. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 132,    pp. 141–157, 2018. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.01.036

[8] Shcheklein, S.E. & Dubinin, A.M., Methanol production based on direct-flow gas gen- erator and nuclear reactor. Atomic Energy, 124(2), pp. 76–79, 2018. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s10512-018-0380-y

[9] Romanova, E.D., Romanov, I.D., Vasiliev, V.A. & Chernyshov, E.A., Development of technology for the production of synthetic and alternative motor fuels. International Scientific Journal for Alternative Energy and Ecology, 6, pp. 81–83, 2011.

[10] Veziroğlu, N.T. & Şahi˙n, S., 21st Century’s energy: Hydrogen energy system. Energy Conversion and Management, 49(7), pp. 12–28, 2008. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.encon- man.2007.08.015

[11] Marseglia, G., Fernandenz Vasquez-Pena, B.L., Medaglia, C.M. & Chacartegui, R. Alternative fuels for combined cycle power plant: An analysis of options for India. Sustainability, 12(8), p. 3330, 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083330

[12] Makarova, A.A., Mitrova, T.A. & Kulagin, V.A., eds., Energy Forecast for the World and Russia 2019, INEI RAS, Moscow School of Management SKOLKOVO, Moscow, p. 210, 2019.

[13] Kulchitsky, A.R., Toxicity of piston ICE. The formation of harmful substances during fuel combustion, Publishing house of Vladimir State University, Vladimir, p. 80, 2010.

[14] Baehr, H.B., Thermodynamik, Springer-Verlag: Berlin/Heidelberg, p. 654, 2006.

[15] Pomerantsev, V.V., et al., Fundamentals of the Practical Theory of Combustion: Text- book for Universities, ed. V.V.  Pomerantsev, 2nd ed., Leningrad, Energoatomizdat,   p. 312, 1986.

[16] Lewis, B. & von Elbe, G., Combustion, Flames and Explosions of Gases, 3rd edition, Elsevier Academic Press, p. 731, 1987.

[17] Stromberg, A.G. & Semchenko, D.P., Physical Chemistry, Moscow, Higher School, edited by A.G. Stromberg, p. 529, 2001.

[18] Bockris, J. O’M., Environmental Chemistry, Springer, p. 770, 1977.