Experimental analysis to predict the performance of a plate fin heat exchanger at cryogenics temperature

Experimental analysis to predict the performance of a plate fin heat exchanger at cryogenics temperature

Ajay K. Gupta Manoj kumar* Debashis Panda Ranjit K. Sahoo 

Cryogenics Engineering Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Rourkela 769008, India

Corresponding Author Email: 
| |
| | Citation



The objective of this study is to provide experimental data that could be used to predict the effectiveness and performance of a plate fin heat exchange for low-temperature conditions. In this study, plate-fin heat exchangers are tested with a variation of the mass flow rate. Such heat exchangers have high fin density and offer narrow passages for the fluid flow, which often leads to a significant pressure drop. An experimental setup is made in the laboratory to test the plate fin heat exchanger at cryogenic temperature. In this setup, compressed nitrogen gas will be passed through the plate-fin heat exchanger as a hot stream. The hot stream gas will be passed through a liquid nitrogen coil heat exchanger to cool the high-pressure gas. The cold gas is then passed as a reverse stream of the plate fin heat exchanger. The experimental setup is mounted to the measurement instrument like RTDs, Pressure gauge, Differential pressure gauge, Orifice plate flow meter, etc. The effectiveness of heat exchange will be calculated from the measured temperatures directly from the experiment. Also, the temperature drop will be obtained from the analyses. The effectiveness and temperature drop data are also obtained through numerical analysis and validate it with experimental results.


plate-fin heat exchanger, aspen, experimental study

1. Introduction
2. Experimental setup and procedure
3. Results and discussions
4. Conclusions

Ackermann R. A. (2013). Cryogenic Regenerative Heat Exchangers. 

Atrey M. D. (1998). Thermodynamic analysis of Collins helium liquefaction cycle. Cryogenics, Vol. 38, No. 12, pp. 1199-1206. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0011-2275(98)00110-6

Barron R. F. (1985). Cryogenic Systems. 

Barron R. F., Nellis G. F. (2016). Cryogenic Heat Transfer. 

Ceramatec. Compact Microchannel Heat Exchangers.

Cowell T., Achaichia N. (1997). Compact heat exchangers in the automobile industry. Compact Heat Exchangers for the Process Industries, pp. 11-28.

Crawford D. B., Eschenbrenner G. P. (1972). Heat transfer equipment for LNG projects. Chem. Eng. Prog.; (United States), Vol. 68, No. 9, pp. 62-70.

Fernández-Seara J., Diz R., Uhía F. J. (2013). Pressure drop and heat transfer characteristics of a titanium brazed plate-fin heat exchanger with offset strip fins. Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 502-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.08.066

Finn A. J., Johnson G. L., Tomlinson T. (1999). Developments in natural gas liquefaction. Hydrocarbon Processing, Vol. 78, No. 4, pp. 47-56.

Frass A. P. (1989). Heat Exchanger Design. 

Hesselgreaves J. E., Law R., Reay D. (2016). Compact Heat Exchangers: Selection, Design and Operation.

Kakac S., Liu H., Pramuanjaroenkij A. (2002). Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design. 

Kanoglu M., Dincer I., Rosen M. A. (2008). Performance analysis of gas liquefaction cycles. International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 35-43. https://doi.org/10.1002/er.1333

Kays W. M. (1948). Description of test equipment and method of analysis for basic heat transfer and flow friction tests of high rating heat exchanger surfaces. Technical Report, No. 2. 

Kays W. M., London A. L. (1984). Compact Heat Exchangers. 

Kern D. Q., Kraus A. D. (1972). Extended Surface Heat Transfer. 

Lenfestey A. (1961). Low temperature heat exchangers. Progress in Cryogenics, Vol. 3, pp. 25-47.

Lenfestey A. G. Compact Heat Exchangers for Gas Separation Plant Proc., pp. 47-49.

Li Q., Flamant G., Yuan X., Neveu P., Luo L. (2011). Compact heat exchangers: A review and future applications for a new generation of high temperature solar receivers. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 15, No. 9, pp. 4855-4875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.066

Linde A. G. Aluminium plate-fin heat exchangers. Catalogue. Cited on pages xiii, xix. 

London A. L. (1984). Compact heat exchangers. Mechanical engineering, Vol. 86, pp. 31-34.

Manglik R. M., Huzayyin O. A., Jog M. A. (2011). Fin effects in flow channels of plate-fin compact heat exchanger cores. Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 041004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4004844

Mikheyev M. (1968). Fundamentals of Heat Transfer.

Ozisik M. N. (1985). Heat transfer: A Basic Approach. 

Sarma P. K., Konijeti R., Subramanyam T., Prasad L. S. V., Korada V. S., Srinivas V., Vedula D. R., Prasad V. S. R. K. (2017). Fouling and its effect on the thermal performance of heat exchanger tubes. International Journal of Heat and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 509-519. https://doi.org/10.1016/10.18280/ijht.350307

Shah R. K. (1999). Compact Heat Exchangers and Enhancement Technology for the Process Industries. 

Shah R. K., London A. L. (1978). Laminar flow forced convection in ducts: A source book for compact heat exchanger analytical data. Heat Transfer.

Shah R. K., Sekulic D. P. (2003). Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design. 

Taylor M. A. (1987). Plate-fin heat exchangers: Guide to their specification and use. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Services.

Vance R. W., Adelberg M., Buchhold T. A. (1963). Cryogenic Technology.

Webb R. L. (1998). Advances in air-cooled heat exchanger technology. ASME, Vol. 365, pp. 49-58.