Utilization of waste eggshell to reduce soil pollution in development of composite using central composite design

Utilization of waste eggshell to reduce soil pollution in development of composite using central composite design

Shashi Prakash DwivediSatpal Sharma 

G.L. Bajaj Institute of Technology & Management, Greater Noida Gautam Buddha Nagar, U.P., India

School of Engineering, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida Gautam Buddha Nagar, U.P. 201310, India

Corresponding Author Email: 
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Chicken eggshell (ES) is an aviculture byproduct that has been listed worldwide as one of the worst environmental problems. The effective utilization of chicken eggshell (ES) biowaste is strongly encouraged in our society due to environmental and economic reasons. In the present investigation, effects of waste eggshell particles parameters on corrosion behaviour of AA2014/carbonized eggshell green metal matrix composite were carried out. Optimum combination of eggshell particles parameters to reduce corrosion rate of AA2014/carbonized eggshell green metal matrix composite were achieved using Central Composite Design (Response surface methodology). Design matrix table was obtained by using design expert software. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) table was carried out to identify the significant factors of carbonized eggshell particles parameters and their interaction on the corrosion rate. Mechanical properties, density and cost were also identified to find out the effect of carbonized eggshell particles at optimum reinforcement parameters. Results showed that carbonized eggshell preheat temperature, carbonized eggshell particle size, carbonized eggshell wt. % and their interaction factor are significant with respect corrosion rate. In the range of selected waste eggshell particle parameters, it was observed that by increasing the eggshell preheat temperature, corrosion rate decreases. However, by increasing the particle size of carbonized eggshell and wt. % of carbonized eggshell in development of green metal matrix composite, corrosion rate decreases. Optimum values of carbonized eggshell preheat temperature, particle size carbonized eggshell and wt. % of carbonized eggshell were found to be 3000C, 25 µm and 4 wt. % to get the minimum corrosion rate (predicted: 5.232 mm/year) using CCD. Tensile strength, hardness and fatigue strength increased about 27.30%, 27 % and 11.11 % respectively after adding 4 wt. % carbonized eggshell in AA2014 aluminium alloy. Density and cost of AA2014/4 wt. % green metal matrix composite reduced about 1.42 % and 4 % respectively.


waste eggshells, corrosion rate, preheat temperature, particle size, RSM

1. Introduction
2. Materials and methods
3. Results and discussion
4. Conclusions

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