An Integrated Approach for Optimizing the Spatial Planning of Tourist Pois for Traffic Accessibility: Dalian City, China

An Integrated Approach for Optimizing the Spatial Planning of Tourist Pois for Traffic Accessibility: Dalian City, China

Qunsong Zhang Eunyouny Kim Cuixia Yang Fucun Cao

School of Knowledge Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan

Landscape Architecture, School of Art & Design, Dalian Polytechnic University, China

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© 2021 IIETA. This article is published by IIETA and is licensed under the CC BY 4.0 license (



It is important for urban tourism development to focus on the accessibility of tourist points of interest (POIs). The spatial distribution of POIs should be closely linked to sustainable traffic development. In recent years, smartphones and global positioning systems have provided strong technical support for tourist POIs through social media. Many studies have been conducted to investigate the correlation between POIs and transportation from different perspectives. There is however a lack of quantitative research on the correlation between traffic accessibility and the distribution of urban tourist POIs using space syntax theory. This study proposes a method for optimizing the layout of tourist POIs based on traffic accessibility. We crawled 2,322 tourist POIs in Dalian as research objects, adopted kernel density estimation and constructed spatial syntax models. We analysed these models from the perspective of the spatial distribution characteristics of the POIs and traffic accessibility. The results showed no di- rect correlation between the spatial distribution of POIs and road networks. The conclusion is that the distribution of the most popular POIs does not coincide with the roads with the highest accessibility in Dalian. Therefore, we propose feasible optimization strategies for spatial planning of tourist POIs and sustainable traffic development.


accessibility, POIs heat distribution, spatial syntax, sustainable traffic development, tourist point of interest


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