Illegal pedestrian crossing situations at signalized intersections are observed worldwide. The main goal of this study was to observe attributes and determine the proportion and type of pedestrian violations and dangerous crossing situations at a traffic light located in a recreational tourist urban environment, i.e. the beach town of Viareggio on the coast of Tuscany, Italy.
A large signalized intersection placed close to the beach was observed for some days in Summer 2015, for several hours, both in the morning and in the afternoon, to collect data. The main aim was to identify the illegal pedestrian crossing behaviour with red traffic light.
Pedestrian crossing data were recorded with a video camera. Then, the video data were processed using a semi-automated software self-written in MaTlab to extract information on different pedestrian factors.
Some factors, identified in the current literature as having an influence on the proportion of violations, such as age, sex and group size, were analysed. furthermore, the impact of the amber length time on the proportion of dangerous performed crossings was studied. The obtained results highlight that pedestrians in a recreational tourist environment are generally more in compliance with traffic light than those in a weekday urban context. It is also important to pay particular attention to pedestrian yellow time (amber steady man) in order to avoid dangerous legal crossings. In fact it was often observed that pedestrians start to cross on the green walking man but end under the red light.
crossing behaviour, pedestrian, red light violations, rule compliance
 Nesic, M., Lipovac, K. & Rosic M., Pedestrian behaviour at pedestrian crossing regulatedwith traffic lights – Case study Belgrade. 12th International. Symposium 'RoadAccidents Prevention 2014', 2014.
 Faria, J.J., Krause, S. & Krause, J., Collective behavior in road crossing pedestrians:the role of social information. Behavioral Ecology, 21(6), pp. 1236–1242, 2010. DOI:10.1093/beheco/arq141.
 Schmidt, S. & Färbar, B., Pedestrians at the kerb: recognising the action intentions of humans.Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, pp. 300–310,2009.DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2009.02.003.
 Mullen, B., Cooper, C. & Driskell, J.E., Jaywalking as a function of model behaviour.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 16, pp. 320–330, 1990. DOI:10.1177/0146167290162012.
 Keegan, O. & O'Mahony, M., Modifying pedestrian behaviour. TransportationResearchPart A, 37, pp. 889–901, 2003. DOI: 10.1016/S0965-8564(03)00061-2.
 Demetre, D.J., Lee, D.N., Pitcairn, T.K., Grieve, R., Thomson, J.A. & Ampofo-Boateng,K., Errors in young children decisions about traffic gaps: experiments with roadsidesimulations. British Journal of Psychology , pp. 189–202, 1992. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1992.tb02434.x.
 Rosenbloom, T., Crossing at red light: behavior of individuals and groups. TransportationResearch Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour , pp. 389–394, 2009. DOI:10.1016/j.trf.2009.05.002.
 Rosenbloom, T., Shahar, A. & Perlman, A. Compliance of ultra-orthodox and secularpedestrians with traffic lights in ultra-orthodox and secular locations. Accident Analysisand Prevention, 40, pp. 1919–1924, 2008. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2008.08.004.
 Bunghum, T.J., Day, C. & Henry, L.J., The association of distraction and caution displayedby pedestrians at a lighted crosswalk. Journal. Common Health, pp. 269–279,2005.
 Himanen, V. & Kumala, R., An application of logit models in analyzing the behavior ofpedestrians and car drivers on pedestrian crossings. Accident Analysis and Prevention,pp. 187–197, 1988. DOI: 10.1016/0001-4575(88)90003-6.
 Wang, X., Tian, Z., Ohene, F. & Koonce, P., Pedestrian delay models at signalized intersectionsconsidering signal phasing and pedestrian treatment alternatives. ProceedingsTRB 88th Annual Meeting, Washington DC, 2009.
 Tom, A. & Granié, M., Gender differences in pedestrian rule compliance and visualsearch at signalized and unsignalized crossroads. Accident Analysis and Prevention,pp. 1794–1801, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2011.04.012.
 Galanis, A. & Nikolaos, E., Pedestrian crossing behavior in signalized crossings in middlesize cities in Greece. Proceedings 'Real Corp 2012', pp. 563–570, 2012.
 Marisamynathan, Perumal V., Study on pedestrian crossing behavior at signalized intersections.Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, pp. 103–110, 2014.DOI: 10.1016/S2095-7564(15)30094-5.