Potential of Public and Professional Communications in Implementation of Urban Environmental Programs

Potential of Public and Professional Communications in Implementation of Urban Environmental Programs

Irina Topchiy Alina Fatkullina

Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Russia

Available online: 
| Citation



This article is an independent study of Moscow residents’ extent of awareness of the urban environmental programs. The aim of the study is to develop measures to support the urban ecology by schools of architecture. In 2019, the authors carried out a sociological survey with participation of several socially active groups: students of Moscow schools of architecture, participants of the Moscow Longevity Project and schoolchildren. The survey results showed that respondents are nearly unaware of the Environmental Doctrine of the Russian Federation, the UN Sustainable Development Goals and urban development programs. And, this is an impediment to implementation of environmental projects. Since the success and speed of implementation of environmental projects today to a greater extent depends on the combined actions of professionals: engineers, architects, economists, transport specialists, administrative workers and other persons who are ‘line of duty’ responsible for the quality of the urban life. And, support of residents who live, work and rest in the city space. The influence of residents on the final decision is really great, and they can be called ‘non-professional players’ of architectural and urban planning activities. Due to mismatching local and global interests, the desire to preserve the prevailing everyday habits and poor understanding of the long-term benefits from implementation of large-scale projects, residents’ opinion concerning the prospects for urban development may not coincide with the opinion of professionals. And then conflicts arise. Environmental upbringing and education, covering all social groups of the urban population and including various types of activities, are today recognized as the most effective way to promote environmental projects. The survey proves that the respondents are well informed about the environmental problems of the city and unanimously believe that the responsibility for the implementation of the Projects lies with the city administration. They are ready to embrace an ‘ecological lifestyle’ if it brings economic benefits and does not disturb the customary lifestyle. It is concluded that in order to attract Moscow residents to implementation of environmental programs, it is necessary to be increasingly cognizant of the differences in the interests of social groups, replace economic pressure with economic benefits, and upscale an ecological lifestyle via media and public additional education.


'green framework of the city', social interaction in urban planning, strategies of urban development, supplementary and public architectural education, urban environment, 'urban softness'


[1] Tilbury, D. & Wortman, D., How is community education contributing to sustainability in practice? Journal of Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 7(3), pp. 83–93, 2008.

[2] Eckersley, R., The death of nature and the birth of the ecological humanities. Organisation and Environment, pp. 183–185, 1998.

[3] Huckle, J., & Sterling, S., Education for Sustainability. Earthscan: London, 1996.

[4] Rieckmann, M., Higher Education for Sustainable Development in Germany – Achievements, Good Practice and Next Practices. 2015. 

[5] Hicks, D. & Holden, C., Remembering the future: what do children think? Exploring the future: a missing dimension in environmental education. Environmental Education Research, 30, 2009.

[6] Punzo, G., Panarello, D., Pagliuca, M. & Castellano, R., Evaluating the attitudes of Europeans towards the environment. Statistical Methods for Service Quality Evaluation. Cuzzolin.

[7] Titov E.V., Ecology, 7th ed. Academy: Moscow, 2019, 203p. ISBN: 5446884884 [in Russian].

[8] Ecology. Textbook for grades ten to eleven. ed. N.M. Chernova, 11th edition. Moscow, 2007, 304p. Moscow [in Russian].

[9] Topchiy, I.V., Architectural education as a method of preserving cultural heritage and preventing social conflicts. Architecture and Construction of Russia, 12. pp. 20–27, 2011 [in Russian].

[10] Young-Oak K., The Great Equal Society: Confucianism, China and the 21st Century, 1st edition, 2013. ISBN-13: 978-9814504713, ISBN-10: 9814504718.

[11] Lukacs, M., Who’s defending Canada’s national interest? First nations facing down a pipeline. The Guardian, 16 April 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/true-north/2018/apr/16/whos-defending-canadas-national-interest-first-nations-facing-down-a-pipeline.

[12] Klaver, D.C., Roo, N., Good Governance of Land and Natural Resources: Balancing Local and Global Interests, January 2011 (seminar report).

[13] Horanont T., Phithakkitnukoon S., & Shibasaki R., Sensing urban density using mobile phone GPS locations: a case study of Odaiba Area, Japan. Nature of Computation and Communication. ICTCC 2014. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol 144. Vinh P., Vassev E., Hinchey M., eds. Springer: Cham. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15392-6_15.

[14] Murayama M. & Parker G., Suitable leisure and tourism space development in postindustrial cites: the case of Odaiba, Tokio, Japan. Tourism, Culture and Regeneration, pp. 69–83, 2006, CABI.

[15] Transport strategy of the Russian Federation for the period to 2030. Approved by the Federal Government on November 22, 2008 Order No. 1734, Moscow [in Russian].

[16] Decree of the Moscow city administration dated March 28, 2018. No. 138. On making changes to the Decree of Moscow city administration, September 27, 2011, 451 pp. On approval of the ‘Development of municipal engineering infrastructure and energy-saving technologies’. State program for Moscow [in Russian].

[17] Topchiy I.V., Subjects of architectural-urban activity. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 3(36) 2016, [in Russian]