Hierarchical Dendritic Polypyrrole with High Specific Capacitance for High-performance Supercapacitor Electrode Materials

Hierarchical Dendritic Polypyrrole with High Specific Capacitance for High-performance Supercapacitor Electrode Materials

Weiliang Chen  Shuhua Pang Zheng Liu Zhewei Yang Xin Fan* Dong Fang*

Key Laboratory of New Processing Technology for Nonferrous Metal and Materials of Ministry of Education, College of Materials Sci-ence & Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China

BengBu Center of Product Quality Supervising & Inspection, BengBu 233000, China

College of Material Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430700, China

Corresponding Author Email: 
xfan@glut.edu.cn, csufangdong@gmail.com
20 August 2017
| |
06 September 2017
| | Citation

Polypyrrole with hierarchical dendritic structures assembled with cauliflower-like structure of nanospheres, was synthesized by chemical oxidation polymerization. The structure of polyryrrole was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical performance was performed on CHI660 electrochemical workstation. The results show that oxalic acid has a significant effect on morphology of PPy products. The hierarchical dendritic PPyOA(3) electrodes possess a large specific capacitance as high as 744 F/g at a current density of 0.2 A/g and could achieve a higher specific capacitance of 362 F/g even at a current density of 5.0 A/g. Moreover, the dendritic PPy products produce a large surface area on the electrode through the formation of the channel structure with their assembled cauliflower-like morphology, which facilitates the charge/electron transfer relative to the spherical PPy electrode. The spherical dendritic PPyOA(3)electrode has 58% retention of initial specific capacitance after 260 cycles. The as-prepared dendritic polypyrrole with high performance is a promsing electrode material for supercapacitor.


hierarchical dendritic polypyrrole, high-performance, supercapacitor, eletrode material

1. Introduction
2. Experimental Materials
3. Results and Discussion
4. Conclusions
5. Acknowledgements

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