Restitution 3D de monuments historiques à partir de plans anciens

Restitution 3D de monuments historiques à partir de plans anciens

Christophe Riedinger Hedi Tabia  Michel Jordan 

ETIS, UMR8051 ENSEA – Université Cergy-Pontoise – CNRS, France

Corresponding Author Email: 
{christophe.riedinger,hedi.tabia}@ensea.fr,michel.jordan@u-cergy.fr
Page: 
87-108
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.3166/TS.32.87-108
Received: 
27 February 2014
|
Accepted: 
10 March 2015
|
Published: 
30 April 2015
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

In this paper, we present a complete set of algorithms for analyzing old ground plans of historical monuments, in order to build a 3D restitution of the corresponding monument. First, some image processing algorithms are used to analyze ground plans and extract a lot of informations such as thick and thin walls, openings, etc. The 3D model is then build by extruding the ground plans, and refined by adding textures from cut-offs and elevation images of the same collection of old plans. We applied our algorithms to ground plans of the Château de Versailles (XVIIIst century), providing us 3D models of two parts of the castle.

RÉSUMÉ

Dans cet article, nous présentons un ensemble d’algorithmes permettant l’analyse automatique de plans d’architecte anciens, afin d’élaborer une restitution 3D des bâtiments correspondants. Divers algorithmes de traitement des images permettent d’extraire un ensemble d’informations pertinentes des plans au sol (par exemple, murs principaux, cloisons, emplacement des ouvertures). Le modèle 3D correspondant est construit par extrusion sur la base du plan au sol, et affiné par l’adjonction de textures issues d’images d’élévation ou de coupes présentes dans les mêmes collections de plans anciens. Ces outils ont été appliqués à des plans du XVIIIe siècle du Château de Versailles, permettant d’obtenir une reconstruction 3D en particulier de deux sites du Château.

Keywords: 

3D restitution, plans, architecture, cultural heritage, history, mathematical morphology

MOTS-CLÉS

reconstruction 3D, plans, architecture, patrimoine, histoire, morphologie mathématique

1. Introduction
2. Analyse 2D Des Plans Numérisés
3. Restitution 3D
4. Résultats
5. Conclusion Et Perspectives
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