Indexation multimédia par dictionnaires visuels en environnement décentralisé - Une approche par protocoles Gossip

Indexation multimédia par dictionnaires visuels en environnement décentralisé

Une approche par protocoles Gossip

Jérôme Fellus David Picard  Philippe-Henri Gosselin 

ETIS - UMR CNRS 8051 - ENSEA - Université de Cergy-Pontoise France

INRIA, Texmex project, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes France

Corresponding Author Email: 
jerome.fellus@ensea.fr,picard@ensea.fr
Page: 
39-64
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.3166/TS.32.39-64
Received: 
27 September 2013
|
Accepted: 
14 April 2014
|
Published: 
30 April 2015
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

In order to allow content-based retrieval of multimedia documents spread over large networks, we propose an indexing system based on decentralized and asynchronous learning of visual codebooks. We propose a Gossip-based decentralized algorithm to compute an accurate visual codebook at each networking node. We provide an empirical law to define the optimal parameters, given the targetted network size, to get codebooks which are equal between nodes with low communication costs. An experimental study highlights the scaling abilities and the retrieval accuracy of our system.

RÉSUMÉ

Pour permettre la recherche par le contenu de documents multimédias repartis sur de larges réseaux, nous proposons un système d’indexation basé sur l’apprentissage décentralisé et asynchrone de dictionnaires visuels. Nous proposons un algorithme décentralisé pour le calcul des dictionnaires basé sur un protocole d’agrégation Gossip, qui produit un dictionnaire local performant en chaque nœud du réseau. Nous fournissons une loi empirique pour déterminer les paramètres optimaux du système selon la taille du réseau ciblé, qui permettent d’obtenir des dictionnaires égaux entre nœuds pour un coût de communication faible. Une étude expé-rimentale met en évidence les capacités de passage à l’échelle et la qualité de recherche du système.

Keywords: 

distributed content-based retrieval (D-CBR), multimedia indexing, visual codebooks, decentralized clustering, Gossip aggregation protocols.

MOTS-CLÉS

recherche par le contenu distribuée (D-CBR), indexation multimédia, dictionnaires visuels, clustering décentralisé, protocoles Gossip.

1. Introduction
2. État De L’art
3. Système D’indexation Multimédia Décentralisé Et Asynchrone
4. Expériences Et Résultats
5. Conclusion
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