The Use of Wondershare Filmora Version 7.8.9 Media Apps in Flipped Classroom Teaching

The Use of Wondershare Filmora Version 7.8.9 Media Apps in Flipped Classroom Teaching

Cahyo HasanudinAyu Fitrianingsih Kundharu Saddhono 

Indonesian Language and Literature Education Department, IKIP PGRI Bojonegoro, 62114, Indonesia

English Education Department IKIP PGRI Bojonegoro, 62114, Indonesia

Graduate School of Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia

Corresponding Author Email: 
cahyo.hasanudin@ikippgribojonegoro.ac.id
Page: 
51-55
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.18280/rces.060301
Received: 
3 May 2019
|
Accepted: 
20 August 2019
|
Published: 
30 November 2019
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

The purpose of this study is to investigate the concept of flipped classroom method in the teaching of Indonesian language 2013 curriculum using wondershare filmora version 7.8.9 media apps. The theory of Kuhlthau was established in this study that used six stages of composing, namely 1) choosing the topic, 2) exploring the informations, 3) determining the focus of the research, 4) preparing the data source, 5) preparing the data presentation, and 6) compiling the report. The sources of data are obtained from national and international journals, Indonesian and foreign textbooks. Through this study, it was found that there are seven stages in implementing flipped classroom method. The results indicate that those stages are adjusted to 2013 curriculum to produce the syntax of flipped classroom method using scientific approach. The findings of this study may serve as the innovation in teaching Indonesian language by implementing wondershare filmora version 7.8.9 media apps. The teaching materials in form of videos can be easily accessed by students.

Keywords: 

Wondershare Filmora Version 7.8.9, Indonesian language, 2013 curriculum, flipped classroom, teaching material

1. Introduction

The application of Indonesian language subject is still considered to be difficult by a number of students. It can be seen from the average score of Indonesian language is low compared to another subjects. According to the data of Ministry of Education and Culture about the high school students, their average score of Indonesian language subject in National Examination is 65.77 for science students (IPA) and 57.62 for social students (IPS) [1]. The results of research by Basuki, Suryani, and Setiyadi [2] show that students have difficulties in the field of language, i.e., 61.07% about the structure and 52.6% about the vocabulary. In the field of language skills, students have difficulties in 41.88% of listening, 18.89% of speaking, 21.15% of reading, and 20.02% of writing. In the field of literature, students have difficulties in 45.69% of literary knowledge, 40.9% of concepts, 41.74% of perspective, and 47.1% of literary appreciation. Based on this condition, Muslimin says [3] that the effort to improve the quality of Indonesian language teaching is by implementing Information Communication Technology (ICT) School Models.

Indonesian language is compulsory subject in every level of education. At the elementary to high school, it has been listed in 2013 curriculum, while in the university, it is in form of General Basic Course (GBC) under the auspices of The Belmawa Directorate General of Kemenristekdikti. According to Suherli [4] the Indonesian language subject aims to make students to be able to listen, read, view, speak and write. Based on Permendiknas [5] Indonesian language learning aims to enjoy and utilize literary works to broaden knowledge, refine characters, and improve language skills. Students are also directed to be able to appreciate and make proud of Indonesian literary works as human culture and intellectual.

Based on this goal, Indonesian language subject always contains the value of knowledge and skills of every competencies. These competencies are based on the three fields, namely, language, literature, and literacy. In the field of language, learners are expected to be able to have comprehensive knowledge about language and be able to apply it in oral and written form by paying great attention to the rules of using Indonesian language properly and correctly. In the field of literature, learners are expected to be able to understand, appreciate, respond, analyze, critisize, and create oral and written literary works. In the field of literacy, learners are expected to be able to improve their language and literary skills, and apply it in reading and writing activities on a daily life.

One of the solutions can be done in teaching Indonesian language subject is to apply the flipped classroom method using wondershare filmora version 7.8.9. Flipped Classroom is introduced for the first time by Bergman and Aaron in 2001. Many researchers had used this method in teaching process. In other words, flipped classroom means the students have to read or study first at home, teacher gives no more explanation about the teaching materials. According to Basal [6] flipped classroom is a teaching process in which students learn the materials independently, then they are able to master the previous materials. Furthermore, Herala et al. [7] think that flipped classroom is a method in which students learn the materials first outside the classroom and have a practice in class with teacher’s guidance.

In the class, students have to discuss what they have read at home or they only do the assignments given at that time. Then, they apply theories to solve the problems and have a group discussion. Teacher’s role is not to provide materials in the class, so he will have much more time interacting with his students. His role is as a facilitator and observer of the learning process. In line with Damayanti and Sutama [8], flipped classroom reverses what is generally done in class into what is done as homework. The gists of flipped classroom teaching [9] are 1) providing more time in class to assimilate materials in form of exercises, or another activities, and 2) accommodating students’ differences in motivation, learning ability, and prior knowledge. Johnson [10] says that flipped classroom method is teacher’s strategy to minimize the number of direct instructions and maximize the students’ interactions. This strategy utilizes technology that provides additional online materials.

Based on the expert’s opinions above, it is clear that flipped classroom method requires technological assistance. It can be in form of applications, videos, or internet connections. In flipped classroom method, students not only learn inside the classroom, but they can also access or learn the materials given by the teacher repeatedly using internet or learning video provided. Hasanudin and Fitrianingsih [11] added that teacher who implemented flipped classroom using Screencast-O-Matic Apps contributed to the students’ of Indonesian language and literature program to have better reading skill. Flipped classroom teaching requires students to learn the materials independently, it is usually assisted by providing video files made by the teacher, instructor, or collaboration between them.

Related to the use of video in flipped classroom teaching, the researchers use wondershare filmora version 7.8.9. This media application is a free player and editor of a video released by Wondershare Software (H.K.) Co., Ltd., one of the video editors that has cool features and is easy to use. It can be viewed from the way to give video transition effects and animated text, the editing process of video is fast and uncomplicated. In line with the opinion of Punusingon et al. [12] that wondershare filmora application can create, edit, cut, and convert videos. The features of this application can handle various video editing to make it valuable. This application has an icon as follow in Figure 1.

Figure 1. The icon of wondershare filmora version 7.8.9

The home page of wondershare filmora version 7.8.9. can be shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Home page of wondershare filmora version 7.8.9

By using this application, the researchers hope that the video is able to give a good contribution to flipped classroom teaching. The filmora application has been used [13] in adding English subtitles and adjusting music background. Negara and Jumrotin [14] use filmora application in making videos on the materials of alphabets, numbers, religions, subjects, family, time, color, fruit, directions, transportation, animals and professions. In this article, wondershare filmora version 7.8.9 is used to compile the materials of anecdote and expected to make learners become very enthusiastic and have complete learning in studying Indonesian language subject, and there is no longer assumption that Indonesian language subject is ‘difficult’.

The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: Section 2 introduces about the research methodology, Section 3 describes the research findings and compares it to the relevant previous studies, and Section 4 concludes the contributions and implications of the results of study.

2. Methodology

This is a library research. It is a theoretical study, reference, and literature on culture and values of social situations [15] which is useful to obtain theoretical basis [16]. Library research limits its scope only in the study of references rather than on field research [17].

2.1 Research procedures

The procedure of library research is used to arrange the concept of flipped classroom in teaching Indonesian language subject by using wondershare filmora version 7.8.9. The steps are 1) choosing the topic, 2) exploring the informations, 3) determining the focus of the research, 4) preparing the data source, 5) preparing the data presentation, and 6) compiling the report [18].

2.2 Data source

The data is obtained from national and international journals, Indonesian and foreign textbooks about flipped classroom method, wondershare filmora version 7.8.9 media application, and Indonesian language learning. These references are organized based on research procedure, so it produces the concept of teaching Indonesian language subject using flipped classroom method with the media application of wondershare filmora version 7.8.9.

3. Results and Discussion

3.1 Results

Based on the observations on flipped classroom teaching, the teacher applies the steps of instructions in line with Bergmann & Sams [19] i.e., 1) the first day of flipped classroom, 2) inform the students about flipped classroom model, 3) teach students how to access the videos, 4) instruct students to build a question, 5) ask students to help each other, 6) build the assessment system, 7) students examine their understandings towards more complicated assignments. The explanations are as follows.

3.1.1 The first day of flipped classroom

The teacher of Indonesian language subject arranges the materials based on the basic competence. This materials are organized in Microsoft PowerPoint, then it is produced using wondershare filmora version 7.8.9 as outlined in the following steps 1) click the icon of application, 2) choose the full feature, 3) import the media, 4) choose the place of media, 5) open, 6) click the sign ‘+’, 7) set the duration, 8) add text to the media,  9) Click advance to have more editing process, 10) edit the text duration, 11) add music, 12) set the duration of music, 13) add the audio recorder, 14) add transitions of media, 15) Export the video (choose the settings and best to make video with a higher quality), 16) set the video format, file name, and place to save file, then click export as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3. Set the video format, file name, and place to save file

17) click find target, and 18) choose the saving place and finish

3.1.2 Inform the students about flipped classroom model

In this stage, the teacher asks students to understand the concept of flipped classroom model. The students are explained about flipped classroom teaching, start from how to access the video, play the video and understand it at home, make a list of questions related to the video, the way to deliver arguments in learning, and the way to answer the questions of their classmates.

3.1.3 Teach students how to access the videos

The teacher asks the students through SMS, WhatsApp, publication board, or the class captain to access the video uploaded in YouTube web page https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cH9Q-CePljI&feature=youtu.be. In this stage, the teacher must control the students who cannot access it by teaching them the way to access the video. It is done to make the material is universally channeled.

3.1.4 Instruct the students to build a question

This step can be said as form of assimilation. The teacher instructs students to build a question related to the material that has been downloaded. He only gives instructions without giving explanation about the material. Meanwhile, the students’ assignment is to study the materials at home and make a question that will be used as topic of discussion. This form of assimilation is carried out by students out of the learning hours.

3.1.5 Ask students to help each other

At this stage, the teacher and students are implementing flipped classroom method in the class. Students have to be able to convey questions in front of the class. Teacher provides opportunities for them to interact each other by giving questions and answers. He instructs students to master the materials. They interact each other to analyze, evaluate, and make a new concept. The important point is that students are able to think critically in solving the problems through the questions given. Last but not least, the teacher has to remember the concept of FLIP (Table 1).

Table 1. The concept of FLIP

Letters

Acronyms

Meanings

F

Flexible Environment

Students can study the materials in form of videos anytime and anywhere.

L

Learning Culture

This model is a form of student-centered learning. So, the students will be more active in knowledge construction.

I

Intentional Content

The implementation of model due to make students are more engaged in the learning process and their cognitive understanding is developed.

P

Professional Teacher

The teacher must be professional because of his role in observing the students, evaluating their studies, and giving feedback.

 

3.1.6 Build the assessment system

The teacher assesses the students. The assessment can be done before teaching, whilst teaching, after teaching. It is based on students’ knowledge, and students’ practice (performance, project, and portofolio).

3.1.7 Students examine their understandings towards more complicated assignments

In this step, the teacher provides chances for students to answer the questions given. It can be in form of oral or written tests. Based on the students’ answers, the teacher is able to know every student’s factual, conceptual, procedural, or metacognitive knowledges. Simon [20] says that knowledge has a role in the formation of behavior.

3.2 Discussion

The steps of flipped classroom that has been stated are not appropriate for 2013 curriculum. The inappropriate thing is not on the method, but it is on the teaching approaches used, i.e. 1) pedagogical genre, 2) scientific, 3) Content Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). Therefore, the flipped classroom method must be integrated to one of teaching approaches used in 2013 curriculum. The stages of flipped classroom method using scientific approach are shown in Table 2.

The results of research are supported by Nouri [21] who observes students of flipped classroom teaching. They have positive attitude about the video and really increase their motivation, more effective learning, and increased learning. They also tend to agree that flipped classroom makes them more active and responsible for their learning. They learn through videos. The learning opportunities are adjusted to their own pace, flexibility. The videos can be accessed easily. Flipped classroom creates more effective learning. Furthermore, research done by Roehl and Linga [22] that in introducing several new teaching models, the teacher must conduct research with alternative models in the classroom. As teacher who will use a new teaching model, it is very important to create effective teaching. In flipped classroom, students develop their creative thinking. Saddhono, Hasanudin, and Fitrianingsih said creative thinking is always needed in everything, especially in solving problems given by the teacher/lecturer [23].

Related to the use of technology, Hasanudin and Fitrianingsih [24] said that flipped classroom and screencast-o-matic can be implemented simultaneously. It produces innovative learning syntax and motivates students in learning reading skill. Flipped classroom learning with CyberLink Power Director media apps has already well referred to the negotiation text structure according to the Ministry of Education and Culture [25].

Table 2. The stages of flipped classroom method using scientific approach

Flipped classroom method

Stages of flipped classroom method using scientific approach

The first day

 

The teacher of Indonesian language subject arranges materials based on basic competence

Inform the students

 

Teacher asks the students to understand the concept of flipped classroom

Teach how to access the video

Teacher inform students how to access the video through YouTube and they observe the materials

Instruct to build questions

 

Teacher instruct students to build questions about unclear materials. They can prepare themselves to study more or ask their classmates at home.

Help each other

In flipped classroom method, students have to be able to answer the questions. Teacher gives chance for them to help each other to get the answer

Build assessment system

 

Teacher assesses every student before teaching, whilst teaching, and after teaching based on students’ knowledge and skills.

Examine understandings towards more complicated assignments

Teacher gives chance to answer questions orally or written. They can solve the problems given and produce a new concept related to basic competence.

The implementation of flipped classroom gives innovation in the teaching and learning process, the students are motivated to learn the materials in form of videos [26]. Flipped classroom requires technology in form videos [27].

4. Conclusions

Wondershare filmore version 7.8.9 media application can be used in flipped classroom to teach Indonesian language subject. This media contributes to the flipped classroom teaching. In applying flipped classroom teaching on Indonesian language subject in 2013 curriculum produces a syntax of flipped classroom with scientific approach. This syntax requires students to observe, ask, get information, associate, communicate, and create. Using videos as the teaching materials encourage students to think logically and critically about what they see and hear.  There are aspects of this study that limit its generalizability which also provide a focus for future research. We used wondershare filmora version 7.8.9 media apps in flipped classroom teaching.

We suspect that teachers whose much more knowledge about the teaching innovation, in this case, the use of wondershare filmora version 7.8.9 media apps would contribute to create good teaching materials that could be easily accessed by students anywhere and anytime.

Acknowledgment

This work is supported by LPPM IKIP PGRI Bojonegoro.

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