Effect of Amine Ligands on Stabilization of Pt Nanoparticles as Electrode Materials for Electro-oxidation of Methanol

Effect of Amine Ligands on Stabilization of Pt Nanoparticles as Electrode Materials for Electro-oxidation of Methanol

M.A. Dominguez-CrespoE. Ramirez-Meneses A.M. Torres-Huerta  H. Dorantes-Rosales 

Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Grupo de Ingeniería en Procesamiento de Materiales CICATA-IPN, Unidad Altamira, km 14.5, Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira. C. P. 89600. Altamira, Tamps. MÉXICO

Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Departamento de Metalurgia, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Química e Industrias Extractivas-IPN, C. P. 07300. D.F. MÉXICO

Corresponding Author Email: 
mdominguezc@ipn.mx
Page: 
1-10
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.14447/jnmes.v14i1.123
Received: 
November 26, 2009
|
Accepted: 
December 09, 2010
|
Published: 
January 07, 2011
| Citation
Abstract: 

Pt-stabilized catalysts with platinum crystallites sizes between 1-20 nm were prepared using an organometallic approach and three different amino ligands; tert-butylamine, 1,3-diaminopropane and anthranilic acid. The electrochemical oxidation of methanol was investigated on Pt stabilized nanoparticles in acid solutions and the results were compared with commercial PtBlack to analyze the feasibility of applying a tailored stabilizer to improve the dispersion and electrocatalytic activity. The particle size and the degree of dispersion of the resultant nanoparticles were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns. Dispersion differences, lattice parameters and interplanar distances were caused by the coordination of the functional groups contained in the ligands at the Pt surface. The current density peaks on methanol oxidation reaction (MOR), appearing at different potentials and are increased in the following order PtBlack ≈ PtTBA> PtDAP > PtAA. The different tendency to form aggregates and scattered particles is the result of the divergence in their sterical shapes rather than different acid-base interactions. It has been also found that stabilized Pt nanoparticles using TBA or even DAP exhibit an interesting electrocatalytic activity, and can facilitate the MOR.

Keywords: 

Pt nanoparticles, methanol oxidation reaction, amine ligands, cyclic voltammetry, ac impedance

1. Introduction
2. Experimental
3. Results and Discussion
4. Conclusions
5. Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support provided by CONACYT through the 59921 and 61354 projects, SIP-IPN 2010-0087, 2010-0062 and SNI-CONACYT. The authors would like to thank Ms. Cynthia Carolina Villanueva-Alvarado for her technical support.

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