Use of Quantitative Resilience in Managing Urban Infrastructure Response to Natural Hazards

Use of Quantitative Resilience in Managing Urban Infrastructure Response to Natural Hazards

Andre Schardong Slobodan P. Simonovic Howard Tong 

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Page: 
13-25
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SAFE-V9-N1-13-25
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
24 January 2019
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

Damages to urban systems as a result of various natural hazards have escalated in recent years. The observed trend is expected to increase in the future as the impacts of population growth, rapid urbanization and climate change persist. To alleviate the damages associated with these impacts, it is recommended to integrate disaster management methods into planning, design and operational policies under all levels of government. This manuscript proposes the use of quantitative resilience concept (dynamic in time and space) to assess the response of an urban system to natural hazards. The implementation of the concept has been done in the form of the web-based decision support system that operates in near real-time. It is designed to assist decision makers in selecting the best options for integrating adaptive capacity into their communities to protect against the negative impacts of hazards. The tool is developed for application in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Keywords: 

adaptation, decision support, disaster management, hydro-meteorological, online tool, Resilience, urban systems

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