Remote Sensing in the Fight Against Environmental Crimes: the Case Study of the Cattle-Breeding Facilities in Southern Italy

Remote Sensing in the Fight Against Environmental Crimes: the Case Study of the Cattle-Breeding Facilities in Southern Italy

Francesco Gargiulo Cesario Vincenzo Angelino  Luca Cicala  Giuseppe Persechino  Massimiliano Lega 

CIRA, the Italian Aerospace Research Center, Capua, Italy

Department of Engineering, University “Parthenope” Naples, Italy

Page: 
663-671
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V11-N5-663-671
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
30 September 2016
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

Enforcement of environmental regulation is a persistent challenge and timely detection of the violations is key to holding the violators accountable. The use of remote sensing data is becoming an effective practice in the fight against environmental crimes. In this work, a novel and effective approach for the detection of potentially hazardous cattle-breeding facilities, exploiting both synthetic aperture radar and optical multispectral data together with geospatial analyses in the geographic information system (GIS) environment, is proposed. Experiments on data available for the area of Caserta (Southern Italy), show that the proposed technique provides very high detection capability, up to 90%, with a acceptable false alarm rate, becoming a useful tool in the hand of agencies engaged in the protection of territory.

Keywords: 

environmental hazard detection, GIS, image analysis, multisensor data fusion, multispectral images, remote sensing, SAR

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