The high level of the negative impact on the environment in the Russian Federation remains steady for many years. Significant and specific contribution to the current level of pollution is made by the companies of the energy sector, which is among the top three in terms of the negative impact on the environment. The planned transition to technological regulation system is based on the use of the best available technology (BAT). The concept formation of the transition to BAT is a challenge for the industry. The basis of the concept is the unified approach development, harmonized with the European approaches, Russian practice and methodological guidelines for BAT identification, which will facilitate informational and technical implementation of BAT in the economy entities of the energy sector. To solve this problem, the authors developed a model for BAT implementation, using a step-by-step logical approach to decision-making. This approach is based on a comparison of the environmental protection measures effectiveness with costs that the economic entity should bear to avoid or minimize man-made impact in normal conditions of management, that is, before BAT introduction. The economic expediency evaluation of the technology in a particular industry is an integral part of BAT implementation concept.
algorithm, best available technologies, concept, ecological effectiveness, economic effectiveness, power industry
 Federal Law no. 219 of 21 July 2014. On Amendments to the Federal Law ‘On Environmental Protection’ and Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation [Digital source], available at: http://www.rg.ru/2014/07/25/eco-dok.html.
 Official website of the Federal State Statistics Service. Statistical Yearbook. [Digital source], available at: http://www.gks.ru/bgd/regl/b14_13/IssWWW.exe/Stg/d02/14-51.htm.
 State report, ‘On the State and Environmental Protection of the Russian Federation in 2013’.[Digital source], available at: http://www.mnr.gov.ru/regulatory/list.php?part=1683.
 The Energy Strategy of Russia for the period until 2030, approved by the Government Decree no. 17-15-r of November 13, 2009 [Digital source], available at: http://minenergo.gov.ru/aboutminen/energostrategy.
 Directive 2010/75/UE (IED) [Digital source], available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/industry/stationary/ied/legislation.htm.
 Directive 96/61/EC (IPPC) [Digital source], available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31996L0061:en:HTML
 Reference Document on Best Available Techniques for Large Combustion Plants, European Commission, 2006.
 Handbook on best available techniques for large fuel combustion plants (transl.) [in Russian], SE ‘INVEL’: Moscow, 2009.
 Handbook on best available techniques for the efficiency increase and negative impact decrease in the heat power sector (transl.) [in Russian], Moscow, 2009 [Digital source], available at: http://www.14000.ru/projects/lcp/Reference_Book_2008.pdf.
 Main regulations (Concept) of the technological policy in the power sector of Russia until 2030, RAO ‘ES of Russia’ 2008.
 Abramov, V.V. & Putilov, V.Y. (eds), Modern Technologies in Power Industry: Information Digest [in Russian], MEI Publishing House: Moscow, 388 pp, 2007.
 The UN Economic Commission for Europe Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone [Digital source], available at: http://www.unece.org/env/lrtap/multi_h1.html.
 The UN Economic Commission for Europe Kiev Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers [Digital source], available at: http://www.unece.org/env/pp/prtr.html.
 European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) [Digital source], available at: http://prtr.ec.europa.eu.
 Economic aspects and impacts on different components of the environment. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques, [in Russian], Project ‘Harmonisation of environmental standards HES II, Russian’, 2006, available at: http://14000.ru/brefs/BREF_ECME.pdf.
 Sokornova, T., Korolev, Y., Sergienko, O. & Kryazhev, A., Economic aspects of the BAT implementation. Ecology of Production, 10, pp. 28–35; 11, pp. 44–49, 2012.
 Berezyuk, M., Rumyantseva, A., Merzlikina, J. & Makarova, D., The development of an ecological-economic substantiation algorithm for BAT selection for companies within the power industry. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 190(2), pp. 1161–1172, 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/eq141082
 National standard of the Russian federation, resources saving. Identification methodology, available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-r-54097-2010.