The rural architectural heritage has become a field of study in which many studies have been carried out and the importance of which has been recognized in the world in recent years. The rural areas, which are unique in their physical and social sense with their unique characteristics, are unique in their architectural terms. In this context, conserving the architectural heritage in rural areas and making these areas sustainable have great importance.
Rural architectural heritage conservation is an issue discussed in Turkey as in many countries around the world. However, the developments seen in this area in Turkey, considered a fairly new compared with developments in the world. Thus, when looking at studies in Turkey, for the conservation of the rural architectural heritage, it is seen that there are many studies in literature and practice in some rural areas. But, there are no studies on that heritage in some areas.
There are many parameters that characterize the rural architectural heritage. One of these parameters is the building material. Considering the rural architectural heritage in Turkey, especially building materials according to geography and climate conditions, it is observed that the shape of use. In this context, natural materials such as stone, wood and earthen are common in rural areas. In particular, the earthen material used by conventional techniques is not long lasting; the widespread use of these materials causes rapid destruction of architectural elements. In this sense, it has great importance to accelerate the efforts for the conservation of the architectural heritage built with earthen material and to implement the practices as soon as possible.
In Turkey, one of four in rural architectural heritage built with earthen material located in the most intense region is Malatya. Karaca Village, which is located in the east of the Malatya, is a very striking example with its qualities. However, there are no studies on this and many other examples. In this context, the aim of the study; in Turkey, especially earthen material should attract attention to rural architectural heritage and to contribute to the preservation of this heritage. In the study, as first, the conservation of the rural architectural heritage in the world and Turkey and will be examined for the sustainability process; then, the rapidly losing areas of earthen material will be emphasized. Thus, in this sense stands out in Turkey, Malatya, located in the village of Karaca will be elaborated. As a result of the study, both in the world, in both Turkey; to discuss the current status of the rural architectural heritage built with earthen material; it is aimed to contribute to the preservation and sustainability of this heritage.
conservation, Malatya, rural architecture heritage, sustainability, earthen.
 Ahunbay, Z., Tarihi Çevre Koruma ve Restorasyon, YEM Publication: İstanbul, pp. 8–27, 1999.
 Ciravoğlu, A., Sürdürülebilirlik Düşüncesi-Mimarlık Etkileşimine Alternatif Bir Bakış: “Yer”in Çevre Bilincine Etkisi”, Yıldız Technical University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, PhD Thesis: İstanbul, pp. 118–119, 2006.
 Gallager, A., Developing a standard for sustainability appraisal in coastal management, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Meditterranean Coastal Environment, pp. 133–144, 2003.
 Bekişoğlu, Ü., Safranbolu Yörük Köyü Tarihi Çevresinin Peyzaj Planlaması, Ankara University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Master Thesis: Ankara, pp. 54–55, 2002.
 Madran, E. & Özgönül, N., Kültürel ve Doğal Değerlerin Korunması, TMMOB Chamber of Architects of Turkey: Ankara, pp. 48–57, 2005.
 Charters, ICOMOS, Online, http://www.icomos.org.tr/?Sayfa=Tuzukler2&dil=tr, (accessed 04 May 2019).
 Perker, S.Z. & Akıncıtürk, N., Cumalıkızık’da ahşap yapı elemanı bozulmaları. Uludağ University Journal of Engineering-Architecture Faculty, 11(2), pp. 43–51, 2006.
 Kim, J. & Ridgon, B., Introduction to Sustainable Design, National Pollution Prevension Center for Higher Education: Michigan, pp. 16–20, 1998.
 Demirbağ, H., Dört Mevsim Malatya, Malatya Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism, The library of Malatya Publication: Malatya, pp. 59–74, 2013.
 Bahtiyar Karatosun, M. & Olğun, T.N., Evaluation of the material-protection sustainability relationship on the identity of traditional settlements. Proceedings of the Second Conservation of Architectural Heritage Conference, pp. 66–74, 2018.
 Malatya, Google Map, Online, https://www.google.com/maps/place/Malatyafirstname.lastname@example.org 0218,38.2059173,12z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x407636e4923c4bad:0xa053ec48 de5f481b!8m2!3d38.3553627!4d38.3335247 (accessed 10 December 2017).
 Metin, T., Selçuklular Döneminde Malatya, Malatya Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism, The Library of Malatya Publication: Malatya, pp. 28–36, 2013.
 Ağaldağ, S., Malatya Eskiçağ Tarihi, Malatya Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism, The Library of Malatya Publication: Malatya, pp. 108–112, 2016.
 Zengin, M., İlhanlılar-Eretnalılar-Memlûklar Dönemi Malatya (1295–1401), Malatya Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism, The Library of Malatya Publication: Malatya, pp. 67–74, 2017.
 Malatya İlçeleri, Malatya Kültür A.Ş., http://www.malatyakultur.com/malatya-tanitim/ malatyanin-ilceleri (accessed 08 May 2019).
 Karaca Köyü Nüfus Verileri, TÜİK, http://www.tuik.gov.tr/Start.do, (accessed 06 December 2018).
 Karaca Tarihçesi, Kar-Der, Online, http://www.karder.org.tr/index.php/karaca-koyu/ karaca-tarihcesi/ (accessed 06 December 2018)