Impact of large scale photovoltaic generation on voltage stability in distribution networks

Impact of large scale photovoltaic generation on voltage stability in distribution networks

Abdelaziz Salah Saidi Khadija Ben-Kilani Mohamed Elleuch

Electric Systems Laboratory, National Engineering School of Tunis ENIT Tunis,Tunisia

King Khalid University, Electrical Engineering Department, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author Email: 
khadijakilani@yahoo.fr,asaidi@kku.edu.sa
Page: 
117-138
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.3166/EJEE.18.117-138
Received: 
8 June 2015
|
Accepted: 
4 March 2016
|
Published: 
30 April 2016
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

This paper investigates the impact of integrating large scale photovoltaic power on voltage stability in radial distribution networks. Detailed modeling of the photovoltaic systems is presented. The study is based on bifurcation diagrams of photovoltaic generation, load flow analysis, short circuits, photovoltaic farm disconnections and loading conditions. Maximum penetration levels of solar photovoltaic generation are examined using bifurcation diagrams. The study considers is a utility 53 buses radial distribution network. Several aspects are presented and discussed.

Keywords: 

photovoltaic generator, radial distribution network, voltage stability, photovoltaic penetration, bifurcation diagram, saddle-node bifurcation.

1. Introduction
2. Dynamic models of a solar photovoltaic unit
3. Numerical studies
4. Conclusions
  References

Ajjarapu V. and Lee B. (1998). Bibliography on voltage stability. IEEE Trans. on Power Syst., vol. 13, p. 115-125.

Behnam T., Claudio C., and Kankar B. (2013). System Stability Impact of Large-scale and Distributed Solar Photovoltaic Generation: The Case of Ontario, Canada. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol.4, n°3, p. 680-688.

Canova A. Giaccone L. Spertino F. and Tartaglia M. (2009). Electrical impact of photovoltaic plant in distributed network. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 45, n° 1, p. 341-347.

CIGRE (2000). Modeling New Forms of Generation and Storage. CIGRE, Tech. Rep. TF 38.01.10.

Claudio C. (2002). Voltage Stability Assessment: Concepts, Practices and Tools. IEEE/PES Power System Stability Subcommittee, Final Document, Tech. Rep. SP101PSS, available at http://www.power.uwaterloo.ca.

Claudio C. (1997). Calculating Optimal System Parameters to maximize the distance to saddle-node bifurcations. IEEE Transactions on circuits and systems-I: Fundamental theory and applications. p. 1-27.

Erlich K.R. Shewarega F. (2006). Impact of large wind power generation on frequency stability. In Proc. IEEE PES General Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, p. 1-8.

Gautam D. Goel L. Ayyanar R. V. Vittal, Harbour T. (2011). Control strategy to mitigate the impact of reduced inertia due to doubly fed induction generators on large power systems,”IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 26, n° 1, p. 214-224.

Gautam D. Vittal V. Harbour T. (2009). Impact of increased penetration of DFIG-based wind turbine generators on transient and small signal stability of power system. IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 24, n° 3, p. 1426-1434.

Guoyun C. Hill D.J. and Hui R. (2005). Continuation of local bifurcations for power system differential-algebraic equation stability model. IEE Proc.-Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol.152, n° 4.

Haifeng L., Licheng J., David L., Chowdhury A. (2010). Impact of High Penetration of Solar Photovoltaic Generation on Power System Small Signal Stability. International Conference on Power System Technology. IEEE Recommended Practice for Utility Interface of Photovoltaic (PV) Systems. (2000). IEEE Std 929.

Kakimoto N., Piao Q., Ito H., (2011). Voltage control of photovoltaic generator in combination with series reactor. IEEE Trans. Sust. Energy, vol. 2, n° 4, p. 374-382.

Ko H. S., Yoon G. G., Hong P. (2007). Active use of DFIG-based variable-speed wind-Turbine for voltage regulation at a remote location. IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 22, n° 4, p. 1916-1925.

Lof P. A., Andersson G., and D. J. Hill. (1993). Voltage stability indices for stressed power systems. IEEE Trans. on Power Sys., vol. 8, p. 326-335.

Mohammed Masum Siraj K., Shamsul A., Ariful H., Nahid-Al-M. (2013). Stability analysis of power system with the penetration of photovoltaic based generation. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, vol. 2, n° 2, p. 84-89.

Marinopoulos A., Alexiadis M.C., Dokopoulos P. S. (2011). A correlation index to evaluate impact of PV installation on joule losses. IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 26, n° 3, p. 1564-1572.

Milano F. (2005). Power System Analysis Toolbox. Documentation for PSAT version 2.1.9, available on www.power.unwaterloo.ca

Muljadi E., Butterfield C.P., Parsons B. and Ellis A. (2008). Effect of variable speed wind turbine generator on stability of a weak grid. IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 22, n° 1,p. 29-35.

NERC (2010). Standard Models for Variable Generation. NERC special report. draft. [Online]. Available: http://www.nerc.com

Paladin Design Base (2011). Photovoltaic Modeling. Power Analytics Corporation. 16870 West Bernardo Drive, Suite 330 San Diego, CA 92127 U.S.A.

Rakibuzzaman S., Nadarajah M., Ramesh B., Kwang Y. L., Abraham L. (2012). Influence of Large-scale PV on Voltage Stability of Sub-transmission System. International Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 4, Number 1.

Ren (2014): Global Status Report. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century. [Online]. Available: http://www.ren21.net Thomson M., Infield D.G. (2007). Network power-flow analysis for a high penetration of distributed generation. IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 22, n° 3, p. 1157-1162.

Wang Y. B., Wu C.-S., Liao H., Xu H.-H. (2008). Study on impacts of large-scale photovoltaic power station on power grid voltage profile. Third International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation, Restructuring and Power Technologies.

WECC Wind Generation Development. (2010). NREL, Tech. Rep.

Xu X., Huang Y., He G., Zhao H., Wang W., (2009). Modeling of large-scale grid integrated PV station and analysis its impact on grid voltage. International Conference on Sustainable Power Generation and supply.

Yakout M. (1993). Suggested Techniques for Voltage Stability Analysis. Printed in the U.S.A. by the IEEE Power Engineering Society.

Yun Tiam T. (2007). Impact on the Power System of a Large Penetration of Photovoltaic Generation. Power Engineering Society, IEEE General Meeting - PES, p. 1-8.

Yun Tiam T., Kirschen D. S., and Jenkins N. (2004). A model of PV generation suitable for stability analysis. IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol. 19, n° 4, p. 748-755.