Thermal Performance of Typologies of School Buildings: The Side and Central Corridor Plan in the Context Climate Mediterranean in Algeria

Thermal Performance of Typologies of School Buildings: The Side and Central Corridor Plan in the Context Climate Mediterranean in Algeria

Saddok Amel Djebri Boualem 

Laboratory City, Architecture and Inheritance, LVAP, Polytechnic school of Architecture and Town planning, EPAU El Harrach, Algeria

Corresponding Author Email: 
amelarchi35@yahoo.com
Page: 
44-48
|
DOI: 
10.18280/eesrj.030303
Received: 
|
Accepted: 
|
Published: 
30 September 2016
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

The architecture of the school buildings in relation to environmental quality is a major concern of sustainable development in the 21st century. The plan of the central corridor and the plan of side corridor built with baked bricks are the most practiced styles in the construction of these buildings. Today, in light of the challenges that must lead the academic space to ensure comfort conditions in respect of the environment, one wonders of the thermal performance of these conceptual models and the composition of their envelope. Based on a measurement campaign, the study allowed conducting an objective assessment of key physical parameters of thermal comfort in the climate context of an Algerian town in Mediterranean climate (Tizi-Ouzou). Moreover, bioclimatic analysis was used to identify major shortcomings related to the form and composition of the shell of the buildings and to conduct a comparative study between the two typologies.

Keywords: 

Thermal performance, School building, Architectural typology, Building envelope, Central corridor plan, Side corridor plan

1. Introduction
2. Case of Study
3. Methodology and Working Tools
4. Discussion and Interpretation of Results
5. Conclusion
Nomenclature
  References

[1] Koppen W., Geiger R., Handbuch der Klimatologie. Gebrüder Borntraeger. Berlin, 1930.

[2] Ministry for the habitat, Recommandations Architecturales, éd, ENAG, Alger, 1993.

[3] ONM, Document meteorology of Tizi-Ouzou, National Office of Meteorology of Tizi-Ouzou, 2014.

[4] EN ISO 7726, Ergonomics of the Thermal Environment Instruments for Measuring Physical Quantities, International Standardisation Organisation, Geneva, 2001.

[5] Semahi S., Djebri B., “La conception des logements à haute performance énergétique (HPE) en Algérie - Proposition d’un outil d’aide à la conception dans les zones arides et semi-arides,” Energies Renouvelables, vol. 16, no. 3, 2013.

[6] Kesraoui N., “Intégration du concept bioclimatique  et utilisation rationnelle de l’énergie dans le bâtiment tertiaire en climat méditerranéen -cas de l’Algérie,” Memory of magistère supported in the University of Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, 2010.

[7] Arhab-Saidi F., Djebri B., Saidi H., “Evaluation of the thermal comfort in classrooms,” International Journal of Natural Science, vol. 7, no. 5, 2015.

[8] B. Djebri, et al. “Etude expérimentale du comportement thermique d’une maison rurale à faible consommation d’énergie,” Energies Renouvelables, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 657–666, 2015.