Numerical study of heat transfer and pressure drop in a fuel cell with porous material

Numerical study of heat transfer and pressure drop in a fuel cell with porous material

Afshin Shiriny Morteza Bayareh 

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

Corresponding Author Email: 
m_bayareh@yahoo.com
Page: 
323-334
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.3166/ACSM.42.323-334
Received: 
|
Accepted: 
|
Published: 
30 September 2018
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

The purpose of this research is to cool the polymer fuel cells using a cooling fluid. The use of metal porous materials in fluid channels increases the level of fluid contact with the thermal surface. Porous metals are used inside the channels with spiral, parallel and multi-channel arrangement. Heat transfer and pressure drop are investigated for different materials, different porosities, and various arrangements of the full cell. Two fluids, water and ethylene glycol are used as a working fluid. The results show that the water has a better thermal performance. As the porosity of the material increases, the heat transfer and the pressure drop decreases. It is revealed that the multi-channel arrangement has the highest heat transfer rate, while the spiral pattern shows the highest pressure drop

Keywords: 

 fuel cell, porous material, heat transfer, pressure drop

1. Introduction
2. Governing equations
3. Results
4. Conclusions
  References

Asghari S., Akhgar H. (2011). Design of thermal management subsystem for a 5KW polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell system. Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 196, No. 6, pp. 3141-3148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.077

Baek S. M., Yu S. H., Nam J. H., Kim C. J. (2011). A numerical study on uniform cooling of large-scale PEMFCs with different coolant flow field designs. Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 31, pp. 1427-1434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.01.009

Barbir F., Braun J., Neutzler J. (1999). Properties of molded graphite bi-polar plates for PEM fuel cells. International Journal on New Materials for Electrochemical Systems, Vol. 2, pp. 197-200.

Choi E. J., Hwang S. H., Park J., Kim M. S. (2017). Parametric analysis of simultaneous humidification and cooling for PEMFCs using direct water injection method. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 42, No. 17, pp. 12531-12542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.03.201

Choi J., Kim Y. H., Lee Y., Lee K. J., Kim Y. (2008). Numerical analysis on the performance of cooling plates in a PEFC. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, Vol. 22, No. 7, pp. 1417-1425. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12206-008-0409-6

Erkinaci T., Baytas F. (2017). CFD investigation of a sensible packed bed thermal energy storage with different porous materials. International Journal of Heat and Technology, Vol. 35, pp. S281-S287. http://dx.doi.org/10.18280/ijht.35Sp0128

Gould B. D., Ramamurti R., Osland C. R., Swider-Lyons K. E. (2014). Assessing fuel-cell coolant flow fields with numerical models and infrared thermography. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 39, pp. 14061-14069. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.07.018

Islam M. R., Shabani B., Rosengarten G. (2016). Nanofluids to improve the performance of PEM fuel cell cooling systems: A theoretical approach. Applied Energy, Vol. 178, pp. 660-671. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.06.090

Jiao K., Li X. (2011). Water transport in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 221-291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2010.06.002

Kanda D., Watanabe H., Okazaki K. (2013). Effect of local stress concentration near the rib edge on water and electron transport phenomena in polymer electrolyte fuel cell. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 67, pp. 659-665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.08.065

Kurnia J., Sasmito A. P., Mujumdar A. S. (2011). Numerical investigation of laminar heat transfer performance of various cooling channel designs. Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 31, pp. 1293-1304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2010.12.036

Nimvari M. E., Maerefat M., El-Hossaini M. K. (2012). Numerical simulation of turbulent flow and heat transfer in a channel partially filled with a porous media. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 60, pp. 131-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2012.05.016

Rahgoshay S. M., Ranjbar A. A., Ramiar A., Alizadeh E. (2017). Thermal Investigation of a PEM fuel cell with cooling flow field. Energy, Vol. 134, pp. 61-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.05.151

Singdeo D., Dey T., Gaikwad S., Andreasen S. J., Ghosh P. C. (2017). A new modified-serpentine flow field for application in high temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell. Applied Energy, Vol. 195, pp. 13-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.03.022

Yu S. H., Sohn S., Nam J. H., Kim C. J. (2009). Numerical study to examine the performance of multi-pass serpentine flow fields for cooling plates in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 194, pp. 697-703. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.06.025

Zakaria I., Azmi W. H., Mamat A. M. I., Mamat R., Saidur R., Abu Talib S. F., Mohamed W. A. N. W. (2016). Thermal analysis of Al2O3 water ethylene glycol mixture nanofluid for single PEM fuel cell cooling plate: An experimental study. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 41, pp. 5096-5112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.01.041